An appeals court has shot down Bell Helicopter Textron's claims against Iran.
In a 19-page decision Friday, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit upheld a trial judge's earlier ruling siding with Iran. The trial judge had vacated a default judgement against the country concerning the manufacture and marketing of a helicopter that resembles Bell’s Jet Ranger 206.
As summarized by the appeals court, "in the 1970s, Bell operated a helicopter plant in Iran, which it abandoned after the Iranian revolution of 1979. In December 2002, Bell became aware that the Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company, a company wholly owned and controlled by the Iranian government, was using the plant to manufacture helicopters that resembled the Jet Ranger 206."
Bell sued in 2006, Iran was a no-show in court and so Bell won a default judgment of $22,035,002.28 plus attorneys’ fees. Iran subsequently got the judgment tossed out.
The appeals court, in a decision written by Judge Judith W. Rogers, reasoned in part that Bell could not exploit the commercial activity exemption in the Foreign Sovereign Immunity Act (whose intent is just as it sounds) because of a "lack of evidence that Iran’s commercial activity caused a 'direct effect' in the United States."