F-35C Achieves Initial Operational Capability
(Source: US Navy; issued Feb 28, 2019)
(Updated March 07, 2019)
Despite having told Congress that it could not declare Initial Operational Capability for the F-35C before the end of the Initial Operational Test & Evaluation, the US Navy has done exactly that, bringing IOC forward by 7 months without explanation. (USN photo)
SAN DIEGO --- The Commander, Naval Air Forces and the U.S. Marine Corps Deputy Commandant for Aviation jointly announced that the aircraft carrier variant of the Joint Strike Fighter, the F-35C Lightning II, met all requirements and achieved Initial Operational Capability (IOC).

The Feb. 28 announcement comes shortly after the Department of the Navy’s first F-35C squadron, Strike Fighter Squadron (VFA) 147, completed aircraft carrier qualifications aboard USS Carl Vinson (CVN 70) and received Safe-For-Flight Operations Certification.

In order to declare IOC, the first operational squadron must be properly manned, trained and equipped to conduct assigned missions in support of fleet operations. This includes having 10 Block 3F, F-35C aircraft, requisite spare parts, support equipment, tools, technical publications, training programs and a functional Autonomic Logistic Information System (ALIS).

Additionally, the ship that supports the first squadron must possess the proper infrastructure, qualifications and certifications. Lastly, the Joint Program Office, industry, and Naval Aviation must demonstrate that all procedures, processes and policies are in place to sustain operations.

“The F-35C is ready for operations, ready for combat and ready to win,” said Commander Naval Air Forces, Vice Admiral DeWolfe Miller. “We are adding an incredible weapon system into the arsenal of our Carrier Strike Groups that significantly enhances the capability of the joint force.”

Naval Air Station (NAS) Lemoore is the home-base for the Navy’s Joint Strike Fighter Wing, Navy F-35C fleet squadrons and the Fleet Replacement Squadron (FRS), VFA-125 that trains Navy and Marine Corps CVN-based Joint Strike Fighter pilots. To accommodate the F-35C program at NAS Lemoore, several facilities were built or remodeled to facilitate specific F-35C requirements with regard to maintenance and training, including a Pilot Fit Facility, Centralized Engine Repair Facility, Pilot Training Center and a newly-remodeled hangar.

Future projects are planned as additional Navy squadrons transition into the F-35C. The Marine Corps plans to transition four F-35C squadrons that will be assigned to Carrier Air Wings for deployments.

“We’re very proud of what our Sailors have accomplished in the Joint Strike Fighter community,” said CAPT Max McCoy, commodore of the U.S. Navy’s Joint Strike Fighter Wing. “Their commitment to mission delivered fifth generation capability to the carrier air wing, making us more combat effective than ever before. We will continue to learn and improve ways to maintain and sustain F-35C as we prepare for first deployment. The addition of F-35C to existing Carrier Air Wing capability ensures that we can fight and win in contested battlespace now and well into the future.”

Meanwhile, Rear Admiral Dale Horan, director, USN F-35C Fleet Integration Office said, “The F-35C will revolutionize capability and operating concepts of aircraft carrier-based naval aviation using advanced technologies to find, fix and assess threats and, if necessary, track, target and engage them in all contested environments,” adding “This accomplishment represents years of hard work on the part of the F-35 Joint Program Office and Naval Aviation Enterprise. Our focus has now shifted to applying lessons learned from this process to future squadron transitions, and preparing VFA-147 for their first overseas deployment.”

The mission-ready F-35C is the latest addition to U.S. Navy’s Carrier Air Wing. With its stealth technology, state-of-the-art avionics, advanced sensors, weapons capacity and range, the aircraft carrier-based F-35C provides unprecedented air superiority, interdiction, suppression of enemy air defenses and close-air-support as well as advanced command and control functions through fused sensors. These state-of-the art capabilities provide pilots and combatant commanders unrivaled battlespace awareness and lethality.

The F-35C is the final U.S. Joint Strike Fighter variant to declare IOC and follows the USAF’s F-35A and USMC’s F-35B. IOC declaration is a significant milestone.

(EDITOR’S NOTE: By declaring the F-35C Initial Operating Capability (IOC) on Feb. 28, and before the end of the ongoing Initial Operational Test & Evaluation (IOT&E), the US Navy has contradicted previous Congressional testimony without explanation and for no obvious reason.

On Feb. 16, 2017, the same Vice-Admiral DeWolfe H. Miller quoted above (then a rear admiral) told the House Armed Services Committee that “F-35C IOC is defined by completion of IOT&E and one Block 3F F-35C squadron capable of deploying onboard an aircraft carrier for extended operations...IOC is therefore event-driven (Emphasis added—Ed.) and is directly impacted by IOT&E schedule.”

At the time, the F-35 Joint Program Office estimated that the IOT&E would begin in March 2018 and would be completed in April 2019 – 13 months later.

In the event, and after several delays, the IOT&E only began on Dec. 5, 2018, and has been cut to ten months; it is consequently due to end in September 2019, and as Adm. Miller said in 2017, the US Navy was supposed to declare IOC only after this milestone.

No reason has been provided to explain why IOC has been brought forward by 7 months.

However, it appears it was just a publicity stunt, as the first operational deployment on a carrier is not planned before 2021, so there was no valid operational reason except misplaced prestige to explain the change.

In fact, the US Navy waited just three months after the F-35C received its “Safe-For-Flight Operations” (SFFOC) certification on Dec. 12, 2018 to declare IOC, which again appears premature.

As of Dec 31, 2018, the US Navy had received 29 Low Rate Initial Production F-35Cs, of which:
-- seven for testing to VX-9 DET “Vampires” at Edwards AFB; of these, six are taking part in the IOT&E;
-- 11 for training to VFA-101 “Grim Reapers” at Eglin AFB;
-- 11 to VFA-125 “Rough Raiders” and to VFA-147 “Argonauts.”)

Story history:
-- March 07, 2019: added US Navy letter below with our reply.


Letter to the Editor from US Naval Air Forces
(Source: US Naval Air Forces; issued March 06, 2019)
Dear Editor,

Your commentary on the F-35C IOC declaration by the Navy was egregious and incorrect.

In your commentary, the writer declared the declaration nothing more than a “publicity stunt,” referencing Congressional testimony in February 2017 by then-N98 RADM DeWolfe H. Miller, who said that IOC was event-driven and impacted by the IOT&E schedule.

Your writer said that “no reason has been provided” to explain how IOC could be declared before completion of IOT&E.

If you had followed subsequent Congressional testimony, more than 1 year later, RADM Miller’s successor at N98, RADM Scott Conn, testified before Congress in March 2018.

He acknowledged once again that IOC was capability-driven and event-driven, and then stated: “Once full 3F capability has been demonstrated in IOT&E, and all other IOC criteria have been met, the Navy will declare that the F-35C has achieved Initial Operational Capability.”

Full 3F Capability has been achieved. Your story mentioned Congressional testimony from more than two years ago, but not the more recent clarification.

Either you were not aware of this testimony, or knowingly left it out.

Either way, I believe it irresponsible for you to state that the Navy, which has been very deliberate in its procurement and testing of the JSF, staged a “publicity stunt.”

I request that you update your story to reflect the more current Congressional testimony.

Commander Ron Flanders
Public Affairs Officer
Commander, Naval Air Forces


Editor's Reply to US Naval Air Forces
(Defense-Aerospace.com; posted March 07, 2019)
Dear Commander Flanders,

Thank you for your e-mail.

While I understand the concerns you express, the fact is the Navy moved the IOC goalposts.

The Navy insisted for years that IOC was “event-driven and impacted by the IOT&E schedule,” and that it would declare IOC once the full capability of the Block 3F software was demonstrated during IOT&E.

On Feb. 28, however, the Navy suddenly decided Block 3F has been demonstrated less than 3 months into IOT&E, and declared IOC.

How and when this happened is not explained, as I pointed out in my Editor's Note. You repeat this claim in your e-mail, but again without any details.

It is worth noting, however, that the Navy declared IOC on Feb 28 -- which just happens to be the last day of the time window that was identified for F-35C IOC six years earlier, in the June 2013 "Report to Congressional Defense Committees on F-35 Initial Operational Capability."

This cannot be a coincidence, but only a deliberate P.R.-driven action to declare IOC within the time-frame provided to Congress. It is clearly not tied to IOT&E, which won’t be completed until September, nor to an operational deployement, which won't happen until 2021.

That is why I called the F-35C IOC a publicity stunt, and nothing in your e-mail has changed my mind.

Consequently, we will not "update" our story, as you requested, but we will post your letter, along with this reply, on our website, so our readers are able to judge for themselves..

Thank you for your interest in Defense-Aerospace.com, and for taking the time to express your opinion.


Giovanni de Briganti

Additional note: We also asked the Naval Aviation Command to explain who decided that the Block 3F software "had demonstrated its full capabilities," and when, and why IOC was declared before the end of IOT&E, despite the fact that the first operational deployment is not due before 2021.
We will publish their response if, and when, we receive it.


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