Acquisition Reform Requires Culture Shift, Officials Say
(Source: US Army; issued April 08, 2019)
HUNTSVILLE, Ala. --- A shift in Army culture is necessary to accelerate the fielding of new Army systems and improve industry collaboration, Army acquisition officials recently said.

"We have to fundamentally change some of our cultural biases and the ways we are used to doing business," said Jeffrey White, principal deputy assistant secretary of the Army for acquisition, logistics, and technology.

White and other acquisition officials participated in a panel discussion about contracting, acquisition, logistics, and technology for integrated reform during the Association of the U.S. Army's Global Force Symposium on March 28.

"Twelve years is too long to get a major weapon system out in the field. We need to look at innovating at the speed of industry today, not the speed of industry in the [1970s]," he said. "We need to be able to get a solution that's better than what we have now."

Congress recently provided the Army with more acquisition flexibility to support an accelerated fielding process.

The Army can now leverage a middle-tier acquisition authority under Section 804 of the fiscal year 2016 National Defense Authorization Act, White said.

MTA is a rapid acquisition process that focuses on delivering capability within two to five years.

"We have more of those going on than any other service, with eight of them right now," White said. "I think we have about another four or five teed up that we are going to move forward on in the future."

The force can also utilize its other acquisition authority, or OTA, to accelerate necessary programs, he added.

"We have about 100 OTAs out there right now," White said. "[OTAs] can cut six months to a year off the acquisition process. It's a great way to get prototyping and tech maturation into the cycle, so that we can have a full and open competition later down the road."

Further, Army Futures Command has made improvements to its requirements process, which helps define what products the Army will acquire.

"They are trying to drive it down from a five-year process ... to less than a year -- sometimes 12 weeks," said White, indicating that this is a shift from the current Army culture.

Similarly, the Army seeks better ways to collaborate with industry, he added.

For the past decade, Army officials avoided engaging with industry, in fear of providing them with a competitive advantage. In turn, the Army has become more "risk averse," he said.

"That has led us to believe we should not engage with industry, and nothing could be further from the truth," White said.

"We have to engage with industry. We have to do it as often … and as frequently as possible," he added. "If you don't talk to industry, how do you expect them to know what you want?"

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