Australian DoD Describes “Robust” Arms Export Controls
Australia has a robust system for considering the export of defence or dual –use items which is administered within the Defence portfolio.
The export of defence and dual-use goods is governed under the Customs (Prohibited Exports) Regulation 13E and the Weapons of Mass Destruction (Prevention of Proliferation) Act.
All applications are considered on a case-by-case basis and when necessary advice is sought from the rest of government.
Since 1988 a Standing Interdepartmental Committee on Defence Exports (chaired by the Defence Department) has been operating to facilitate consultation between departments and agencies on more complex controlled export cases.
Defence is responsible for issuing approvals or denials for export applications: the actual figures for exports are a matter for the Australian Customs Service.
Australia has no embargo on sales of defence or dual-use items to China, and considers any applications for China on their merits.
However to date a number of applications for exports have been denied by the Government on the basis of our publicly-available denial criteria:
These criteria include the strategic implications, effect on Australian military capability, human rights concerns, technological issues and other international relations concerns relating to particular applications.
Applications for approval to export military or dual-use goods or services to other countries are commercial-in-confidence and we do not reveal details of either pending or completed cases.