A top U.S. Army general has suggested during a visit to Afghanistan by U.S. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis that Russia is arming Taliban militants.
General John Nicholson, the commander of U.S. forces in Afghanistan, said during a joint press conference in Kabul with Mattis on April 24 that he wouldn't dispute that Russia's involvement in the Afghan war includes Moscow providing weapons to the Tailban.
Nicholson avoided offering specifics.
But, earlier on April 24, a senior U.S. military official told reporters in Kabul that Russia was giving machine guns and other medium-weight weapons to Taliban militants.
That official, briefing journalists about intelligence reports on condition of anonymity, said Taliban fighters are now using Russian-supplied weapons in the southern provinces of Helmand, Kandahar, and Uruzgan.
Russia denies that it provides any such support to the Taliban.
Russia says its contacts with the Taliban are limited to safeguarding security and getting the Islamic extremists to reconcile with Afghanistan’s government.
Russia has also suggested easing global sanctions against Taliban leaders who cooperate with efforts to launch peace talks with the Kabul government.
Mattis, when asked on April 24 about Russian activity in Afghanistan, said Washington is increasingly concerned about reports of Russian weapons shipments to Taliban fighters.
Mattis said Washington would "engage with Russia diplomatically" whereever possible.
But he said the United States was "going to have to confront Russia where what they're doing is contrary to international law or denying the sovereignty of other countries."
"For example, any weapons being funneled here from a foreign country would be a violation of international law," Mattis said.
Meanwhile, General Nicholson on April 24 also said it was "quite possible" that the Pakistan-based Haqqani militant network was responsible for an April 21 attack on an Afghan military base at Mazar-e Shariff that killed as many as 140 Afghan soldiers.
Nicholson said he came to that assessment after considering the sophisticated planning behind the attack.
The Taliban has claimed responsibility.
Mattis's arrival in Kabul on April 24 coincided with the resignation of Afghanistan's defense minister and army chief of staff in the wake of the Mazar-e Sharif massacre.
Mattis, the first member of President Donald Trump's cabinet to visit Afghanistan, met with Afghanistan's President Ashraf Ghani and other senior government officials during his previously unannounced April 24 visit.
Mattis's visit -- the final stop on a six-country tour aimed at bolstering relations with U.S. allies and partners -- was focused on assessing the needs in the war against the Taliban and other militants as Washington considers whether to deploy more U.S. troops in Afghanistan.
General Nicholson recently told Congress that he needs a few thousand more troops to bolster Afghan security forces until they eventually can handle the fight against Taliban militants on their own.
U.S. officials say Nicholson's request has been advancing through the chain of command.
U.S. national security adviser General H.R. McMaster visited Kabul earlier in April.