France Sending Experts to Investigate Saudi Oil Attack – Elysee (excerpt)
(Source: Reuters; published September 18, 2019)
PARIS --- France will send experts to Saudi Arabia to help with investigations into an attack on Saudi oil installations, President Emmanuel Macron’s office said on Wednesday.

Macron strongly condemned the attack, the Elysee Palace said, and assured Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman that France was committed to stability in the Middle East.

“In response to a Saudi request, President Macron confirmed to the crown prince that France will send experts to Saudi Arabia to take part in investigations aimed at revealing the origin and modalities of the attacks,” the Elysee said. (end of excerpt)


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U.S. Team Sent to Help Saudis Assess Oil Attack Forensics
(Source: US Department of Defense; issued Sept. 17, 2019)
The United States is giving Saudi Arabia time to assess the Sept. 14 attacks on its oil facilities, but all signs point to Iran or Iranian proxies, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff said.

Marine Corps Gen. Joe Dunford told reporters traveling with him in London that U.S. Central Command has sent forensic specialists to assist Saudi Arabia with its assessment.

"In the region, wherever it originated from, the most likely threat is either Iran or Iranian-backed proxies," Dunford said. "Without getting out in front of the Saudi investigation, I think that is a reasonable conclusion."

The United States doesn't have "an unblinking eye" over the Middle East, the chairman said. "Our intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance capabilities are focused on threats routinely to us; we wouldn't necessarily see everything that goes on in the region," he said.

The general said the military is planning options for the president and other civilian leaders. Dunford stressed that the military is only one possible response, noting that economic, political and diplomatic responses are available as well.

The United States provides intelligence to Saudi Arabia to help the kingdom protect itself from the Houthi rebels in Yemen. The Saudis have not requested additional intelligence support or military assistance from the United States, the chairman said. "We haven't changed the intel arrangement in the wake of this incident," he added.

The attack was not a surprise given the tensions in the region, Dunford said.

"We did assess, and continue to assess, that we have deterrence in place against Iranian-backed proxies against the United States," he told reporters. "But we know, based on attacks against Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, … that they have not been deterred from attacking those countries."

Though the size of this attack was greater than others, Saudi Arabia has been attacked a number of times by Iranian-backed proxies, Dunford said. "Without prejudging intelligence, this looked like a very complex, precise attack, not consistent with previous Houthi attacks," he added.

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