NATO Leaders Downplay Divisions Threatening Military Alliance
(Source: Deutsche Welle German Radio; issued Dec 04, 2019)
Although the summit was meant to mark the military alliance's 70th birthday, tensions among the allies overshadowed the party. The celebration of unity was marked by clashes between the US and French presidents.

NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg welcomed the leaders of the 29-member military alliance in London on Wednesday, as the uneasy allies met to celebrate the organization's 70th anniversary.

Following a tense start to the two-day summit on Tuesday — marked by clashes between US President Donald Trump and French President Emmanuel Macron — leaders turned their focus to current and future threats.

On Wednesday, NATO leaders agreed on the importance of mutual defense and the need to assess China's place on the world stage.

"We reaffirm the enduring transatlantic bond between Europe and North America ... and our solemn commitment as enshrined in Article 5 of the Washington Treaty that an attack against one ally shall be considered an attack against us all," they said in a joint statement.

The statement also refers to the need to address the "opportunities and challenges" presented by "China's growing influence and international policies."

Other key summit takeaways:

-- British Prime Minister Boris Johnson emphasized unity in remarks at the summit, saying that 70 years on, "we are rock solid in our commitment to NATO," adding that "peace cannot be taken for granted."

-- It appeared that a spat with Turkey over defense plans for the Baltic states and Poland was resolved, although Stoltenberg did not specify how President Recep Tayyip Erdogan was brought on board. He had been withholding approval over disagreements about how to label Kurdish militias operating in Syria.

-- Ahead of the final day of meetings, DW's Teri Schultz noted that due to simmering tensions and Trump's unpredictability, "the standards are not very high" for Wednesday's summit, which had been scaled back to a three-hour meeting.

-- Trump suddenly canceled a press conference scheduled for the end of the day's proceedings after footage leaked that appeared to show other world leaders mocking him behind his back.

What happened on Day 1?

The first day of the summit was marked by a series of tense bilateral meetings and press conferences in London, including contentious meetings with Trump. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan also met for high-stakes talks with Macron, Johnson and German Chancellor Angela Merkel following Turkey's offensive against Kurdish forces in northern Syria.

Queen Elizabeth II held a lavish reception for leaders at Buckingham Palace in the evening — where several leaders were caught on camera talking about Trump's long-winded remarks to reporters during bilateral talks.

The video shows Johnson and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau joking with Macron about the press conferences, with Trudeau saying: "You just watched his team's jaw drop to the floor."

Asked about the incident later, Boris Johnson said "I really don't know what is being referred to there.'' Trump later called Trudeau "two-faced" and Macron "nasty."

During a press conference, NATO chief Jens Stoltenberg was asked how he felt about Macron's calls for dialogue with Russia. Stoltenberg replied that "NATO and I, we believe in dialogue with Russia."

"If we can't achieve a better relationship in the short term, then we need to manage a difficult relationship."

The most important thing when dealing with Moscow, Stoltenberg said, was to avoid a new arms race.

-- Macron and Trump trade barbs:
Trump kicked off the summit by criticizing his French counterpart for saying that NATO was "brain dead." Trump, who himself once called NATO obsolete, said the French leader's remark was "nasty" and said he could imagine France leaving NATO. Trump later softened his stance during a bilateral meeting with Macron, although the French leader said he stood by his comments and criticized allies in the alliance for having differing views on what constitutes "terrorism" — a not-so-veiled criticism of Turkey and the United States.

-- NATO recognizes China's influence:
NATO leaders are to raise concerns about China's growing influence for the first time in a joint leaders' declaration. Their statement recognized that China's rise "has security implications for all allies," NATO leader Stoltenberg said — including missiles that can reach the US and Europe.

-- Military spending:
Trump continued to lash out at European allies over defense spending, the topic weighing heavy during bilateral talks with the US leader on Wednesday. He has frequently called out Germany overspending, but might receive some pushback since Berlin has increased its defense budget. French President Macron has also urged for less of a focus on increasing spending and more attention to countering new military threats.


Secretary General: As the World Changes, NATO Will Continue to Change
(Source: NATO; issued Dec 04, 2019)
The NATO leaders’ meeting marking the 70th anniversary of the Alliance wrapped up in London on Wednesday (4 December 2019). After the working session, Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said: “Our meeting has once again demonstrated that NATO remains the only place where Europe and North America discuss, decide and act every day together on strategic issues that concern our shared security”.

NATO leaders took a number of important decisions to increase the readiness of Allied forces, declared space as the fifth operational domain and committed to ensuring the security of telecommunications infrastructure, including 5G. Allies also agreed on a new action plan to step up efforts in the fight against terrorism and recognised unprecedented progress on fairer burden-sharing.

“This is the fifth year of rising defence investment. In fact, European Allies and Canada have added 130 billion US dollars. And by the end of 2024, that figure will rise to 400 billion US dollars”, said the Secretary General.

During the meeting, Allied leaders had a substantive discussion about Russia, and the future of arms control. The Secretary General underlined that “for the first time, we addressed the rise of China - both the challenges and opportunities it poses and the implications for our security”. He added: “we must find ways to encourage China to participate in arms control arrangements”.

Allies also agreed to initiate a reflection process under the leadership of Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg to further strengthen the political dimension of NATO.

The Secretary General stressed that “as the world changes, NATO will continue to change”, adding that NATO leaders have agreed to meet again in 202


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