Military-Civilian Mobilization Exercise Shows China Can Quick Switch Industrial Output
(Source: Global Times; issued November 18, 2020)
A city in China recently held a military-civilian mobilization exercise, during which civilian firms temporarily shifted production to make combat vehicles and modified trailers to transport tanks. The move demonstrated China’s industrial potential in wartime, analysts said.

Multiple civilian and military departments of Southwest China’s Chongqing Municipality conducted a series of joint, combat-oriented drills to test civilian mobilization and equipment requisition during wartime on Saturday, js7tv., a news website affiliated with the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA), reported on Sunday.

Upon receiving requisition orders for large platform trailers, related departments immediately initiated national defense mobilization protocols, rapidly assembled a large number of civilian transport equipment and personnel. They enhanced the trailers’ bearing capacities, modified their width, installed them with related equipment including amouflage, so the trailers can transport main battle tanks, according to the report.

Using trailers is a key method for rapid, tactical or strategic deployment and relocation of tanks and armored vehicles, Shanghai-based news website eastday reported on Monday, noting that the caterpillar tracks of tanks limits their long-distance maneuverability in favor of off-road maneuverability.

This method not only extends the tanks’ combat range, it also reduces fatigue of troops who operate tanks, the report said.

The drills also featured civilian manufacturing companies shifting production to make a type of all-terrain combat vehicle, eastday said.

Labeled “Strike 1000,” the 4X4 all-terrain combat vehicles were rapidly manufactured, the report said, noting that while this type of vehicle is lightweight and has little armor, it has very high mobility and bearing capacity, the report said.

The exercise shows China’s huge potential to fight a war as a major industrial power, eastday said.

The requisition of equipment is a key part of national defense mobilization, and plays an important role in Chinese military’s war preparedness in the new era, Weihutang, a military program affiliated with China Central Television (CCTV), reported on Tuesday, noting that according to foreign data, more than 80 percent of key civilian technologies can be used for military purposes.

Military-civilian mobilization can also be useful in non-war military operations like disaster relief, Weihutang reported.

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