LINKÖPING, Sweden --- September should be noted for the great progress made in the implementation of projects that strengthen the Armed Forces' role in the mission of guaranteeing national sovereignty.
This Tuesday (10), in Linköping, Sweden, the first Brazilian model of the F-39 combat aircraft was presented, to the Minister of Defense of Brazil, Fernando Azevedo, and to the Air Force Commander. Less than a week ago, the Brazilian Air Force (FAB) took delivery in Wing 2 in Anapolis (GO), of the first multi-mission aircraft KC-390.
The F-39 Gripen will not only provide the FAB with the latest technology to fulfill its missions, but will also enable the national defense industry to qualify through a technology transfer program agreed with SAAB. This company in 2013 won the competition to supply new fighters to Brazil.
Gripen can reach twice the speed of sound and can withstand up to nine times the force of gravity when maneuvering. This new aircraft has established itself as the new standard for military aircraft on the world stage, being used for airspace control, attack and reconnaissance.
The new aircraft, developed in partnership with the FAB, will be used to defend national airspace. In total, there will be 36 Gripen aircraft, which, in the Brazilian version, will have modern embedded systems, state-of-the-art radar and the ability to employ nationally manufactured armaments.
In line with advanced aeronautical technology, the Brazilian Air Force (FAB) received, on Wednesday (09/04), the first multi-mission aircraft KC-390, the result of a partnership between FAB and Embraer.
The largest military aircraft developed and manufactured in the southern hemisphere is capable of carrying out missions of air-logistic transport, flight refueling (REVO), air medical evacuation, search and rescue, humanitarian aid and fire-fighting, among others.
The new aircraft was designed to meet FAB operational requirements, providing strategic mobility to the Brazilian Defense Forces. The first units of the new multi-mission aircraft will be based in Wing 2 in Anapolis (GO). The delivery of the first aircraft represents a watershed for the Air Force.
That's because the KC-390 allows for higher speed, higher payload and range. In all, more than 50 Brazilian companies participate in the project, which also has the collaboration of Argentina, Portugal and the Czech Republic.
Considered the new backbone of military transport aviation in Brazil, the aircraft is capable of operating in the most diverse scenarios, from the Amazon rainforest to the Antarctic airstrips. This, the largest military aircraft produced in Brazil, will help boost our Defense Industrial Base (IDB).
The strengthening of the IDB, formed by the integrated set of public and private companies, encourages national economic development, contributes to the country's foreign trade, reduces foreign dependency and maintains the operational requirements of the Armed Forces. This is done by highly skilled professionals who can contribute to the development of technologically advanced defense products.
Thus, the role of the Ministry of Defense (MD), through the Secretariat of Defense Production, is to align the relationship between companies and the Armed Forces for the development of these technologies, for the industrialization of new products and their dual use (civil and military) in Brazilian society.
Prosub - Submarine Development Program
In addition to the Gripen F-39 and KC 390, other initiatives are also part of the Armed Forces' modernization effort. The Navy, for example, has focused its efforts on the Submarine Development Program (PROSUB), which will expand the Force's operational capacity to protect and preserve the Blue Amazon.
The first of four Brazilian Conventional Submarines (S-BR), the Riachuelo (S-40), was launched on December 14, 2018. Then will come the Humaitá (S-41), in 2020, the Tonelero (S-42) in 2021 and the Angostura (S-43) in 2022. Finally, the Navy will launch in 2029 the first Brazilian Nuclear-Propelled Submarine (SN-BR), which will be called “Alvaro Alberto,” a tribute to Admiral who pioneered the use of nuclear technology in the country.
Created in 2008, the project foresees the construction of industrial infrastructure to support the operation and maintenance of submarines. Underpinned by three pillars: technology transfer, except in the nuclear area, nationalization of equipment and systems, and staff training, the Program is enabling the first industrial and logistical support complex dedicated to nuclear-powered naval assets in the southern hemisphere.
The implementation of the Program will strengthen several sectors of the national industry of strategic importance for the country's economic development. Prioritizing the acquisition of components manufactured in Brazil, PROSUB fosters the development of the Defense Industrial Base, which encompasses the electronics, mechanical engineering (fine and heavy), electromechanical, chemical and Brazilian Shipbuilding Industry.
Guarani Wheeled Armored Personnel Carrier
Already in the Army, the Guarani Program, started in 2013, was designed to equip the Army with a modern family of armored on wheels that meet the doctrinal demands and fulfillment of the missions of foreign defense and protection of Brazilian society.
In addition to armored protection, Guarani brings added values, such as weapons, command and control and communications systems, through technology transfer and technical qualification of national labor, contributing also to the generation of employment and income.
The Program has already created 2,890 direct and indirect jobs and involved the participation of 125 companies that supply inputs, 90% of which are of national origin. Conceived by the Army Science, Technology and Innovation System, the Guarani Program was developed in partnership with several national companies.
400 vehicles have been delivered, out of a total of 1,580 units, which should be in use in the different military units by 2038. Thanks to a strategic philosophy of support to the national industry, Brazil currently has qualified companies.
According to a survey conducted this year by the Defense Products Secretariat (SEPROD) of the Ministry of Defense (MD), more than 1,000 companies are members of the IDB in Brazil. Only 107 companies registered in the Ministry of Defense as Defense (ED) or Strategic Defense (EED) are responsible today for the generation of more than 285 thousand direct and 850 thousand indirect jobs.
Stimulating the Defense Industrial Base is essential to increase the competitiveness of the national industry and increase productivity in order to produce goods and services with higher technological content.
(EDITOR’S NOTE: While it is clear that Brazilian industry is developing at a fast pace, it should nonetheless be noted that the Brazilian Navy’s new submarines are license-built Scorpène-class boats developed by France’s Naval Group, while the Guarani wheeled armored vehicle was developed by, and is built under license from, Italy’s Iveco defense group.)