Russian Air Task Force Uses KAB-1500L Guided Bombs to Attack Terrorist Facilities in Syria
(Source: Tass Defense; published October 29, 2015)
MOSCOW --- Russian Sukhoi Su-34 (NATO reporting name: Fullback) frontline bombers are using KAB-1500L guided air bombs to attack the Islamic State terrorist organization’s most important facilities in Syria, a source in the defense and industrial sector told TASS on Thursday.

The Su-34 frontline bombers are operating in Syria within the Russian Aerospace Force’s aviation grouping.

The KAB-1500L guided bomb makes part of the Su-34 frontline bomber’s ammunition load. The aircraft has the Platan optoelectronic and laser targeting system in the lower fuselage, which provides high accuracy of both free-fall and guided bombs. The Su-24M2 (Fencer) frontline bombers can use KAB-1500L bombs as well.

The KAB-1500L guided air bomb with a semi-active laser homing head is designed to hit stationary ground and surface targets, including railway and motorway bridges, dams, the enemy’s defense enterprises, large ammunition depots and fuel and lubricant storages, railway junctions and other large-size targets.

The bomb’s warhead weighs 1,100 kilograms. The bomb has folding fins, which allow it to maneuver while being guided to the target.

According to the data of public sources, the KAB-1500L bomb’s circular error probability does not exceed 7 meters.

It was reported earlier that the Russian air task force was using a wide range of guided weapons in Syria, including the Kh-29 (AS-14 Kedge) and Kh-25 (AS-10 Karen) air-to-surface missiles equipped with laser and television homing heads and the KAB-250 and KAB-500 guided air bombs with laser, satellite and television homing heads.

The Russian air task force is also using the OFAB-500U free-fall high-explosive fragmentation air bomb in Syria, the source in the defense and industrial sector said. The OFAB-500U bomb is designed to hit military hardware, including lightly-armored vehicles, various facilities, fortifications and manpower.

The OFAB-500U bomb has a drag chute, which can be opened at any altitude to detonate the bomb at the required altitude. The OFAB-500U bomb most often explodes at an altitude of 5-10 meters above the ground.

The bomb of the type can be used by Su-34, Su-24M and Su-25SM/SM3 (Frogfoot) aircraft.

According to the data of public sources, the OFAB-500U bomb’s warhead weighs 230 kilograms.

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Russian Aircraft Using Wide Range of Guided Weapons In Syria
(Source: Tass-Defense; published October 28, 2015)
MOSCOW --- The Russian Air Force has being employing a wide spectrum of precision-guided munitions in Syria as part of the operation against the Islamic State (IS) terrorist group banned in Russia, Konstantin Sivkov, Ph.D., writes in the Military Industrial Courier weekly.

"The Kh-29 (NATO reporting name: AS-14 Kedge) and Kh-25 (AS-10 Karen) air-to-surface missiles - both laser- and television-guided ones - have been repeatedly used during the hostilities mostly by Sukhoi Su-34 (NATO reporting name: Fullback) [bombers] and Su-25 (Frogfoot) [attack aircraft]," Sivkov says in his article.

The Kh-29 missile has been employed in Syria to deal with hardened targets featuring a concrete protection of up to 1.5 m thick. The weapon’s effective casualty zone may account for 10-15 m. The Kh-25 with a lower yield has been used for taking out targets sitting in densely populated residential areas. Both precision-guided munitions have been employed to avoid civilian casualties.

In addition, there has been a limited use of the KAB-500L laser beam riding and KAB-500Kr television/electro-optical guided bombs in the operation against IS. The bombs feature high accuracy, but their formidable yield prevents their use against targets in urbanized terrain. Therefore, various KAB-500 versions are reserved for high-value terrorist targets situated at a distance from building where noncombatants can be.

Another key advantage offered by the laser-guided PGMs as well as the electro-optical PGMs relying on the scene matching area correlation technology is their ability to destroy targets of opportunity without preliminary reconnaissance. The Kh-25 is a multipurpose semi-active homing air-to-surface missile. The Kh-25ML version mounts a laser homing head and the Kh-25MTP an electro-optical one. The Kh-25 is designed to eliminate pinpoint targets both on the battlefield and behind the enemy’s lines. Its maximum range is 10 km, speed 870 m/s and warhead weight 86 kg.

The Kh-29 is a guided air-to-surface missile. Its Kh-29L variant carries a laser homer and the Kh-29T version is equipped with a TV one. The type can be employed against surface hard targets, including concrete runways and shelters. The Kh-29T has a range of 12 km and the Kh-29L’s range equals 10 km. Their warheads weigh 320 kg. The KAB-500 is a precision-guided bomb designed for dealing with pinpoint stationary surface targets, including concrete shelters. The KAB-500L has semi-active laser guidance and the KAB-500Kr uses TV guidance. The bomb can be fitted out with either the high-explosive or high-explosive/penetrator warheads weighing 380 kg.

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Russian Air Force Uses KAB-250 Smart Bombs In Syria
(Source: Tass-Defense; published October 28, 2015)
MOSCOW --- The Russian air task force in Syria has used the advanced KAB-250 guided air bomb against the Islamic State (IS) terrorist group banned in Russia, Konstantin Sivkov, Ph.D., a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Rocket, Missile and Artillery Sciences, mentions in the Military Industrial courier weekly.

"Our aircraft have employed the latest product of Russia’s defense industry, the KAB-250, to eliminate targets in the immediate vicinity of civilian infrastructure. In Syria, bombs of the type are equipped with the guidance kit taking them to their stationary targets with the use of GLONASS [satellite navigation system] signals in a manner similar to the US-made JDAM [smart bomb]," Sivkov says in an article.

The KAB-250 has an edge on its US-made counterparts of the JDAM family. It can be released at supersonic speed, which extends its range. This makes the bomb a standoff weapon. In addition, its aerodynamic configuration has allowed a reduction in its circular error probable (CEP) down to 2-3 m, which is a very good result on par with the CEP of the latest smart bombs developed by the United States and other NATO countries. Compared with the KAB-500, the lower weight of the KAB-250’s warhead allows its employment even in densely built-up areas.

The KAB-250 is of modular design. There are two versions - the satellite-guided KAB-250S and the laser-guided KAB-250LG. The KAB-250 was developed in response to the US-made Small Diameter Bomb (SDB) family equipping the US Air Force’s fifth-generation F-22 and F-35 fighters.

The KAB-250LG laser beam-riding blast-fragmentation bomb is designed to destroy soft-skinned vehicles, railway stations, ammunition and arms depots and other enemy installations. The bomb can be used both solo and in series by aircraft outfitted with laser target designators or it can go for targets designated for them by somebody else.

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